Epoxy Floor Garage Paint

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Garage Epoxy Floor Page

 

Epoxies are two part paints that are known for toughness but will usually yellow quickly in sunlight. They can seal wood, cement, concrete, or metal surfaces and serve as a floor coating or undercoat under other paints, tiles, or wood surfaces. The two parts of the epoxy kit are mixed together and then applied to the surface.

 

 

Floor Garage Epoxy Paint Systems / Options
 

 


Garage Epoxy -- Floor Epoxy Coatings Page

(page 3 of 6)

 

epoxy floor paint

epoxy floor paint application

 

 

EPOXY FLOOR INTRODUCTION:

Epoxies are two part paints that are known for toughness but will usually yellow quickly in sunlight. They can seal wood, cement, concrete, or metal surfaces and serve as a floor coating or undercoat under other paints, tiles, or wood surfaces. The two parts of the epoxy kit are mixed together and then applied to the surface. The working time between mixing the epoxies and when it begins to set is based upon temperature, the amount of epoxy mixed, and the kind of epoxies. Many common epoxies may only have a working time of 15 to 30 minutes per batch under many circumstances. Most epoxy floors are applied by paint roller. Some professionally applied floors are sprayed or trawled down.


 

EPOXY FLOOR PROBLEMS:

Problems that may be encountered with epoxy floors (and also their application) include:

1) the yellowing of the epoxy in sunlight (mentioned above);

2) the short working time of many epoxies;

3) air coming out of concrete surfaces and forming bubbles/blisters in thick epoxies that are just beginning to harden;

4) areas of the floor that remain sticky (a sign of poor or incorrect mixing of the two part epoxy);

5) the epoxy not sticking or being pulled up by hot tires etc. (this is related to the surface itself and its preparation prior to coating. It is not related to the epoxy itself);

6) no 'sure thing' preparation method - lots of preparation options available. You have to make some personal decisions on what kind and how much preparation is enough and then cross your fingers. You will not know until the coatings have been down for some time if the surface preparation was 'good enough.' In some cases the cement/concrete is in such bad conditional that no amount of surface preparation will be enough to keep the epoxy coatings adhered to the floor.;

7) moisture/water issues within the cement/concrete can also cause epoxy (and other floor coatings) to fail/lift off. True professionals know which jobs not to bid on and not to get involved with.

8) unknown to you, past owners could have put something like the wax based Thompson Water Seal (tm) on the concrete. No way to remove this and nothing will stick to it for long (best to do a test spot first).

 

epoxy floor 101

rolling on a new epoxy floor


 

HOW MUCH EPOXY:

An epoxy floor coating can be a one to seven coat system. It can include colored sands or colored chips incorporated into the floor system for looks and/or anti slip. The introduction of sands or chips into the project greatly increase the options and decisions to be made. There are several different methods for how such systems can be applied which will change the number of layers or coatings applied as well as the use of non epoxy coatings in some of those coating layers. Unless the vendor/applicator/contractor offers a 'cookie cutter' approach to epoxy floors, you'll have lots of decisions to make.


If you decide to add 'grit' for anti slip purposes, this also introduces more options for you to consider. There are different kinds of grits, different sizes of grits, different methods of applying the grit, and different personal opinions regarding how much grit to use.

new epoxy floor

a new epoxy floor


 

TYPES OF EPOXY GARAGE FLOOR COATINGS -PAINTS:

Water Based Epoxy Floor coatings - a thin coating that is easy to apply and work with, but hides nothing and is not the 'commercial' epoxy floor most people think of.

Solvent Based Epoxy Floor coatings - Sort of like an oil based enamel, these epoxies contain solvents. These kinds of epoxies are generally not very common any more.

Solvent Free Epoxy  Floor coatings - The classic epoxy floor - thick enough to hide many floor flaws. Short working time per batch. Usually no odor.

Why You Don't Want, Or Need,

A Cycloaliphatic Epoxy Floor Paint

(CLICK HERE)


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In a multi coat system, a combination of the above epoxy types might be used as well as some non epoxy coatings (to provide UV protection to the epoxies, reducing yellowing).

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Note that sometimes a thin water based or thin solvent based epoxy can/will be used as a sealer or base coat on concrete/cement under the 'regular' epoxy floor coating.


 

HOMEOWNER REALITY CHECK:

While the above information sounds daunting, most homeowners successfully get away with minimal surface preparation and one or two coats of epoxy 'slapped' on to the surface.

 

putting down an epoxy floor

professional epoxy floor application


 

 

WATER BASED (WATERBORNE)

EPOXY FLOOR PAINTS

 

SOLVENT FREE (or low solvent)

EPOXY FLOOR PAINTS

(comparison table)

Water Bond Epoxy  (tm)

med. gray only

(comparison table)

Industrial Floor Epoxy (tm)

light gray or beige only

 

* actually contains voc solvents plus water (restricted in some locations)

* slight odor

* very long pot life

* water clean-up

* large coverage per gallon

* good color stability

* very thin coating - will not hide flaws (may highlight them)

* somewhat breathable and some penetration into concrete (good adhesion)

* generally less used than solvent free epoxy floor paints

* can be primer /sealer under other epoxy (non epoxy) floor systems

 

 

 

* no solvents or VOC issues (solvent free only)

* generally odorless

* wet thickness equals dry thickness (no shrinking)

* thick coating hides flaws and imperfections

* can trap air bubbles from expanding air in concrete

* shows epoxy yellowing in UV

* coverage about 150 sf per gallon

* creates vapor seal (radon etc)

* can have adhesion issues on damp moisture rich surfaces

* tough and durable

* standard commercial - professional floor solution

* short pot life - working time

* use with colored chips or colored sands

* works with chips - sands - multi-coat systems

 

FIND WATER BOND EPOXY IN CATALOG

FIND IN ONLINE STORE

ASK PROFESSOR E . POXY (help link)

EPOXY FLOOR MASSIVE LINK SITE

FLOOR EPOXY INTRO GUIDE


PROGRESSIVE EPOXY POLYMERS, INC (SINCE 1992)

 

 

FIND INDUSTRIAL FLOOR EPOXY IN CATALOG

FIND IN ONLINE STORE

ASK PROFESSOR E . POXY (help link)

EPOXY FLOOR MASSIVE LINK SITE

FLOOR EPOXY INTRO GUIDE


PROGRESSIVE EPOXY POLYMERS, INC (SINCE 1992)

 

 

WHAT TO LOOK FOR WITH EPOXY PRODUCTS/VENDORS/CONTRACTORS:

1) epoxies that require a wait time after mixing and before applying are almost always obsolete, low quality products.

2) be wary of companies that don't tell you what kind of epoxies they are using and/or imply that their 'method/product' is the ONLY way to go.

3) be wary of companies that downplay surface preparation and don't mention the issues/problems (like yellowing or air bubbles from the cement/concrete) that might be encountered.

4) professionals use technical product data sheets and government required MSDS (material data safety sheets) to learn about and evaluate products. Be wary of companies that do not easily make these available to you as they are probably hiding something they don't want you to know.

5) Email or call the companies involved before you buy.. If they will not return an email or telephone call before the sale, you can be certain they will not after the sale.

FREE COATING THICKNESS GAUGE

epoxy film gauge

For a limited time, purchase more than $250 worth of product

(not including shipping charges)

and receive a free WET FILM THICKNESS GAUGE. 


Find in our product catalog site page

Goto our Coating Gauge web page (explains how it works)

 


 

epoxy color chip chart

color chips are an option with epoxy floors - several ways to apply them too!


Email Customer Feedback
Subject: Thanks
Date: Tue, 16 Sep 2003 18:38:01 -0400
From: "Martha & Mark" <xxxxxx@comcast.net>

Hi,

Just wanted to say Thanks for the great product (Industrial Floor Epoxy) and service on my Garage floor project. It set up great and once I got the nak for Pot Life times, I was off and running laying down the mixture!!

I should have taken before and after photos but it really came out great and most important, I can see the strength of the Epoxy as a protective
barrier. I look forward to winter now with all it's wrath! This time I'm ready!

Hope to be in touch soon for other projects.

Mark



Reasons for coating failures

Preparation problem 70%; application problem 12%; environment problem 6%; wrong paint selection 9%; bad paint 1%; adding thinner 2%


"At least 70% of premature coatings failures are traced back to 'surface preparation' whether referring to wood, concrete, or metal. In a commercial recoating project, the costs (and profit) associated with surface preparation are about 70% of the job. How extensive the surface preparation is will depend on the performance expectation of the owner... Know the A, B, C's of surface preparation - visible contaminants, invisible contaminants, and profile."

Dr. Lydia Frenzel, The ABCs of Surface Preparation, Cleaner Times, April 2001, pg. 42-44.

 

epoxyt floor paint

 

 

Links to Lots of MUST READ Information Articles About the Best Epoxy Floor Paints, Including Preparation, Alternatives, What Can Go Wrong, etc.

floor related articles, info, links

CLICK HERE

Bio Vee Seal - INTERNAL CONCRETE SEALER

SOME OF THE SITES THE ABOVE LINK

WILL DIRECT YOU TO

Clear Top Coats  - FLOOR CLEAR TOP

Best Floor Epoxy - CLICK HERE

Epoxy Quartz Floor - BROADCAST FLOOR

Acid Etching - ACID

Epoxy Paint Chip Floor - CHIPS

Epoxy Paint vs. Floor Epoxy Paint - EPOXY PAINTS

Epoxy Paint - SURFACE PREP

Floor Basics/Options - START HERE

Floor Epoxy - CATALOG PAGE

Questions: ASK PROFESSOR E. POXY

 

**

What you need to know about DIY epoxy floor kits.

NEW Epoxy Floor/ Deck non slip coating. Check out the  8 oz test kit of Rough Coat (tm) - a tan colored  solvent based epoxy floor coating with non slip grit already mixed in. Standard unit size is one gallon which covers about 160 sf. Texture is suitable for bare feet. Use on boat decks, garage floors, shower areas etc. CLICK HERE to see catalog page .

 


 

ONLINE PRODUCT CATALOGS

PROGRESSIVE EPOXY POLYMERS, Inc

 

ONLINE STORE Purchase Here ------ or CALL 603 435 7199  ------  HOME PAGE

 

Marine Catalog

 
* home page of marine catalog section (blue background)

* table of contents page for marine catalog section

 
Section One MARINE - CLEAR EPOXIES

Section Two FILLERS THICKENERS ADDITIVES

Section Three THICKENED EPOXIES - EPOXY PUTTIES, ETC.

Section Four EPOXY PAINTS (barrier coats)

Section Five URETHANES AND NON-EPOXY COATINGS

Section Six NON-SKID DECK COATINGS

Section Seven MARINE REPAIR PRODUCTS

Section Eight MISC. MARINE PRODUCTS
 

MASSIVE BOAT HOW TO  - ISSUES - HELP WEB LINK SITE

 
   

Residential / Commercial / DIY Catalog

 
* home page of residential/commercial catalog section (brown background)

* table of contents page for residential/commercial catalog section

 
Section A EPOXY PAINTS

Section B FLOOR EPOXIES (regular and non-skid products), SEALERS, ACCESSORIES

Section C THICKENED EPOXIES - EPOXY PUTTIES, ETC.

Section D CLEAR EPOXIES

Section E NON-EPOXY PAINTS COATINGS SEALERS

Section F MIX-IN ADDITIVES

Section G OTHER PRODUCTS

Section H SURFACE PREPARATION PRODUCTS

Section I MISC. ACCESSORIES
 

WEB EPOXY FLOOR ISSUES LINKS SITE --- WEB EPOXY REPAIR LINKS SITE

 

PRODUCT DATA SHEETS  -------  BY SUBJECT INDEX HELP SITE

 

top selling favorite products for your every need


Buy Talk Chat Support

EMAIL  or 603 435 7199


American manufactured, distributed, and sold epoxies and coatings.

Your business helps small American Family Businesses - Thank You!

 

 


need to learn more about epoxies??

--- visit these third party sites ---

Two Part Epoxy Product Groups:

(EVERYTHING-EPOXY.INFO  ---  Intro to basic epoxy resin types)

also visit the EPOXY GURU


 

Internet Epoxy Confederation (IEC)

Your connection to SAFE, DEPENDABLE, EXPERT

epoxy web sites, vendors, products, links

VISIT IEC  NOW at Epoxyfacts.com

 

 


Epoxy Essentials (tm)

 

Reasons for coating failures

Preparation problem 70%; application problem 12%; environment problem 6%; wrong paint selection 9%; bad paint 1%; adding thinner 2%


"At least 70% of premature coatings failures are traced back to 'surface preparation' whether referring to wood, concrete, or metal. In a commercial recoating project, the costs (and profit) associated with surface preparation are about 70% of the job. How extensive the surface preparation is will depend on the performance expectation of the owner... Know the A, B, C's of surface preparation - visible contaminants, invisible contaminants, and profile."

 

Dr. Lydia Frenzel, The ABCs of Surface Preparation, Cleaner Times, April 2001, pg. 42-44.


DID YOU KNOW...

 

Epoxy coatings are used because of their outstanding chemical resistance, durability, low porosity and strong bond strength.
 

Epoxies consist of a ‘base' and a ‘curing' agent. The two components are mixed in a certain ratio. A chemical reaction occurs between the two parts generating heat (exotherm) and hardening the mixture into an inert, hard ‘plastic'.

Epoxies yellow, chalk (or more commonly least lose their gloss), in direct sunlight (UV). The yellowing can be a real problem. For pigmented epoxies select colors that are dark or contain a lot of yellow (such as green). Even clear epoxies will yellow and cloud up. Often epoxies are top coated with latex or urethanes that will retain their color and attractive gloss. This is particularly true if color coding or matching company colors is important.

Epoxies will harden in minutes or hours, but complete cure (hardening) will generally take several days. Most epoxies will be suitably hard within a day or so, but may require more time to harden before the coating can be sanded.

By their nature, epoxies are hard and brittle. Additives can be added to epoxies that make them less brittle, but generally at the loss or reduction of other positive epoxy properties such as chemical resistance.

Other clues of cheap epoxies include ‘induction time' (after mixing the two components the mixture must sit for several minutes to ‘self cook' before being applied).

The best time to recoat epoxy is within about 48 hours after the initial coat. Because epoxies take days to reach full cure, a second coat applied shortly after the first coat will partially fuse to the first coat rather than forming a simple mechanical bond.

End users can thicken epoxy with many things, Tiny glass spheres, known as micro-spheres or micro-balloons are commonly used. Besides thickening, their crushable nature makes sanding the hardened epoxy easier. On the downside, they work like tiny ball bearings, resulting is sagging and slumping. Another thickener is fumed silica (a common brand name is Cabosil (tm)) which looks like fake snow. About 2 parts fumed silica with one part epoxy will produce a mixture similar in texture and thickness to petroleum jelly. Micro-spheres and fumed silica can be combined together.

Fisheyes are areas on a painted surface where the coating literally pulls away for the substrate leaving a coatingless void or fisheye. Often fisheyes are caused by surface contaminants such as a bit of silicon, wax, or oil. I have also seen them on clean plywood where epoxies paints have been used as sealers and the problem might be due to uneven saturation (soaking-in) of the epoxy into the wood. Surface tension plays a big part in fisheyeing. There are some additives that can be mixed into the epoxy that will reduce surface tension. Likewise, on wood, applying several coats of solvent thinned epoxy, instead of one coat of unthinned epoxy, seems to work well. Applying a thick coat of epoxy over a contaminated fisheye surface will bury the fisheye but expect the coating to peel away in the future. As a rule of thumb, always suspect some sort of surface contamination as the primary cause of fisheyeing.

Adding a bit of solvent to a solvent based or solvent-free epoxy is something that most manufacturers would not officially approve of and something that might not work with all epoxies. However, it can be done (unofficially) with the epoxies I deal with. Adding solvent to these epoxies will: 1) thin them out; 2) increase pot life; 3) allows them to flow off the brush/roller a bit more smoothly; and 4) perhaps allows them to ‘soak-in', penetrate, or may be soften, the substrate just a little bit. Not change is visible in the epoxy unless 12% or greater solvent is added. With that amount of solvent, the epoxies no longer cure with a glossy finish.

It is best to use epoxies with a mix ratio close to 1 to 1 as opposed to something 4-1, 5-1, etc. because errors in the mix ratios can be more pronounced with the latter. That said, no matter what the mix ratio is, some epoxies are more forgiving of mix ratio errors than others. One ‘trick' of epoxy vendors with odd or very sensitive mix ratios is to sell calibrated pumps that disperse the epoxy components in exact amounts.


How Thick? How thick should your coating be? Economics play a major role in determining how much coating to apply. One U.S. gallon contains 231 cubic inches. That's only 1.6 cubic square feet of surface at one inch thick and that's also assuming a solvent-free product. If the product is 25% VOC (i.e. 25% solvent) then dry thickness/coverage will be 25% less. Again, assuming a 1/4 inch thick coating (250 mils) maximum coverage will still be only 6.4 square feet per gallon. A solvent-free (100% solids) epoxy coating applied at 16 mils will cover 100 square feet per gallon (note: the wall paint in your office is probably 2-4 mils). While thick coatings sound like a good idea, they use so much product that they must be made very cheaply so that coating 1,000 or 10,000 square feet can still be done at a competitive price. A high quality, fairly expensive product with a coverage rate of 100 sq. feet or more per gallon, on the other hand, will have a low enough cost per sq. foot to provide both economy and top quality.


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Floor Garage Epoxy Paint Systems / Options
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